Cantonese residence culture
Cantonese houses, usually refers to Greater Pearl River Delta region, the building of western Guangdong, eastern Guangdong Hakka architecture with Chaoshan building a big difference. Ventilation and generally in line with the requirements of Cantonese cool houses is a common feature of Lingnan architecture typical Cantonese houses there is a big "wok ear" feature, with its houses built on both sides of the wall as two elephant ear blocked wok wind wall named. Xiguan big house, the Qing Dynasty four famous gardens in Guangdong (Shunde Qinghui Park, Yu Yin Shan Fang, Panyu, Dongguan can park, Foshan Liang Yuan), Kaiping Watchtowers, Sanshui banner Village, Conghua money Village, Shenzhen Dapeng Fortress Wait.
Lingnan hot weather, wind and rain to often, usually small courtyard houses a large depth, compact layout of the plane form. Cantonese style of ancient houses are usually a few people to dozens of families live. Old movie "House of 72 Tenants" scene of life is typical Cantonese houses - West Customs House. But recent remake of the color version of "House of 72 Tenants" could not find a suitable Xiguan big house as a shooting venue.
Ventilation and generally in line with the requirements of Cantonese cool houses is a common feature of Lingnan architecture, the second is based on the natural conditions including geographical conditions, climate characteristics, reflecting the moisture, sun protection features; there is a lot to learn the essence of Western architecture, it reflects the inclusive style of.
In addition, a typical Cantonese houses there is a big "wok ear" feature, with its built two houses on both sides of the wall like a pan ear like wind wall named. Pan ear house is Guangdong's peculiar architecture. Ming and Qing dynasties. As long as money. He made a fortune. It will build a pan ear room to display its rich and gas.
Guangdong building can be divided into Cantonese building, Hakka and Chaozhou building construction in three styles, is commonly recognized Lingnan architecture, in fact, Guangfu construction, including construction of Guangzhou, Nanhai, Shunde region. Lingnan Lingnan architectural features of the building characteristics, the first is based on the natural conditions including geographical conditions, climate characteristics, reflecting the moisture, sun protection features; the second is a lot to learn the essence of Western architecture, reflecting the eclectic.
Most of the government buildings in the village are wide comb layout, said the plane or grid layout, but also refers to the form of the entire village, is an alley as the central axis, in houses on both sides of the alley, a courtyard set a courtyard, with the North compared courtyard, Cantonese building houses are traditional courtyard houses. Ancestral spirit is the core of the village, while the former village pond is a common feature of all the villages, the pool side of a large banyan tree is planted practice, open space under the banyan presumably important folk cultural transmission of ancestral place behind.
Ventilation and cool in line with the requirements is a common feature of Lingnan architecture and Cantonese rural architecture, too, generally speaking, general building materials granite (granite called Guangzhou) and red sandstone (South Vietnam Mausoleum Museum is used Stone), two kinds of stone are red and blue, which is often said that the people of brick and red brick.
Residential buildings, more significantly affected by the construction mode of the southern region, bureaucratic landlords often four or five generations of people living together, build buildings closed. Pearl River Delta and medium-sized residential houses for the basic pattern of "two corridors and three." People standing in a pan ear wind firewall features. Drywall materials of concrete, gravel, oyster shell, brick, brick multi Qing later. The late Qing Dynasty in Guangzhou, off the West residential intensive environmental conditions, unique style formed Xiguan houses. Interior is compact, flexible spacer, a positive gate facade of a "three-piece" (foot door, rope times and gates), water mill brick walls, skirting or the like on its outer granite style. Modern influenced by Western culture, there are outlandish towers appear in the hometown of overseas Chinese, appear villa Inhabitation in the city, appeared in the commercial heart of the town of arcaded streets. They are open to the trend of the southern building.