City Tour Xi'an ancient city wall completely Raiders
Xi'an City area is located in the central area of Xi'an, rectangular, wall 12 meters high and 18 meters wide at the bottom, top width of 15 meters, the total Zhou Chang 13.74 km. There are four gates: Changle Gate East, West Andingmen, South Yongning Gate, North Gate Anyuan. Xi'an city wall is based on the Tang Imperial City built. Entirely around the "defense" strategy system, the thickness is greater than the height of the walls, solid as a mountain, sports cars and top of the wall can be drilled. Existing walls built in the Ming Hong Wu seven to eleven years (1374-1378), has been 600 years of history, is one of the most famous late medieval wall construction in Chinese history, China is the most complete ancient city wall of the building.
Long before the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang after the capture of Huizhou, a hermit named Zhu Sheng told him to be "high walls, and wide grain, slow kings." Zhu Yuanzhang adopted these recommendations. When the national unity, he ordered all prefectures widespread fortification. Zhu Yuanzhang thought "the world mountains and rivers, Wei Qin medium to solid risk." Xi'an ancient city wall was built in the city's boom, presided over by the British military governor Pu, Tang imperial expansion up on the basis of the old city.
Xi'an city wall 12 meters high, after the expansion of the Ming Dynasty, top width of 12-14 meters, 15-18 meters wide at the bottom. Michaux walls every 120 sets an enemy, protruding outside the walls, a top wall and city level. It is designed for shooting enemy climb the wall of the set. Half the distance between the enemy units, is well within the effective range of the bow, to facilitate shooting enemy siege from the side. On the walls there are enemy units 98, it is built on top of the watch tower garrison.
Ancient weapons behind, the gate is the only means of access, so here is the painstaking efforts of the feudal rulers defense priorities.
Xi'an ancient city wall of Xi'an east, west, south, north four gates, respectively, the floor is, watchtower, gate building triple tower. In the outermost gate building, its role is to lift bridge, watchtower in front and on both sides with a square window, for archery. The floor is in the innermost, is the city's main entrance. Between the watchtower and the floor is connected with a wall, called the Urn, is stationed themselves place. There is also leading to the city Urn head Ma, no slow on the stairs, easy horses up and down. The city also has a horse at Road 11. The four corners of the walls are prominent corner table outside the city. In addition to the southwest corner is rounded, the corner may be maintained undisturbed Imperial Tang, the other is square. Repair a corner bench enemy units more than the tall turret, show here an important role in the war.
Outside the walls built with battlements, also called crib wall, a total of 5984, the forts, and archery can be mixed with hope. Low wall called the woman inside wall, no forts to prevent falling when plying soldiers.
The original Xi'an city wall entirely made of layered loess ramming, the bottom with soil, mix lime juice and rice pounding, extremely hard. Later, in turn entire walls of the inner and outer walls and top lined with brick. The top of the walls at intervals of 40-60 meters there is a green-brick structure with a sink for drainage, the long-term protection of the ancient city wall of Xi'an has played a very important role.
The city is surrounded by a moat wide and deep, with a positive can always ups and downs on the suspension bridge at the gate. A raised drawbridge, the path out of the city will be truncated.
Xi'an ancient city wall, including the moat, drawbridge, gate building, watchtower, is building, turret, watch tower, parapet, crenel and a series of military facilities, constitute a complete tight military defense system. Tour Xi'an ancient city wall, the image of the specific understanding of ancient warfare, urban construction and architecture are important. Gates origin of the name: Xi'an city wall has been from the Tang Dynasty 1,400 years of history. In the long course of history, the gates all the changes occur. Around these gates origin of the name also reflects the ups and downs funeral decline of the ancient city from one side.
The following describes Clockwise from the south gate
Xi'an city wall column into the World Heritage Tentative List
World cultural heritage from the national work conference held in Beijing on November 17 understanding, 45 different types of cultural heritage, was included in the update of the National Heritage Board, "Chinese World Heritage Tentative List," ranked Xi'an city wall.
Address: Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, central area
Tickets: 55 yuan
Opening hours: spring and summer: 8:00 - 22:00; autumn and winter: 8:00 ~ 19:00
Best tourist season: spring and autumn days is appropriate.
Transport: Bus 5,18,215,603,611,300,202 Road can be reached.
Xi'an city wall city board has up to 19 points, you can choose the nearest city board purchase.