Beijing folk art: Diabolo
Diabolo is a Chinese national culture Court, in a brilliant flowers. Diabolo times, "Hu knock", also known as "the bell", "empty bell", "wind gourd", Jinan, commonly known as "cow." Diabolo also known as "shaking Om", "shaking the bell", "diabolo" Han nationality folk entertainment activities popular in the country, Tianjin, Beijing and Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang and other places are particularly popular.
- Diabolo -
Diabolo game was originally a courtyard, after working to improve, with the competitive nature of traditional acrobatics and become the project. The biaxially points, single; axle, wheel and into the wooden surface, the rim is made of bamboo, bamboo hollow box, with a post hole, rotation of the utterance, pillar waist, the rope can generate a rotation jitter.
When people playing each hand two small bamboo sticks two feet long, a length of about five feet to the top are all cotton cord, two laps or lap bobbin, a portable hand delivery, constantly jitter, accelerated rotation, the bell will be issuing song. Jitter posture changeable, inverted flower rope, performing a string around, waving high, throwing, bridge and other actions, known as "chicken shelves", "Xian Rentiao", "flying", "put twisting" and so on. Also useful lid, bottles and other equipment instead of diabolo. Diabolo to wood as material, hollow, hence the name. "Diabolo" is a traditional Chinese acrobatics, the small and simple, readily available and objects, superb skills training program representative. It was originally a very interesting folk games, in northern China, Chinese New Year, people, especially children, like diabolo, and can play a lot of tricks. Diabolo commonly known as the wind gourd, early plaything for the court, which in ancient times young woman playing diabolo move is considered elegant, modern young woman show Diabolo is considered the fantastic technology. Diabolo representatives in acrobatic show in the China's national essence fine, played all over the world, prodding, as early as 86 years was awarded "Tomorrow the French Republic Acrobatic Art Festival Gold Award" for China to win a great honor.
Diabolo artistic features
Diabolo disc-shaped, the wooden shaft for winding cord wood-based bamboo sticks pull shaft jitter. Diabolo divided into single wheel (wooden shaft end of the disk) and a wheel (wooden shaft at each end a disc). Wheeled diabolo is easy to operate than the single-bye bamboo. Whistle around the disc to a large bass whistle aperture, a number of small holes treble mouth guard, in an amount of each of the discs and into Push whistle, four ring, six ring until thirty-six ring. When pulled jitter, while the pronunciation of each post, Gao Kang powerful sound table into the clouds.
Diabolo shake when changing posture, the inverted flower rope, make a "bridge", "to throw", "crosstalk", "high grab" and other actions, but also to other equipment lid instead of uniaxial diabolo and games. Diabolo skills a lot, the "Xian Rentiao", "chicken shelves", "put twisting", "flying" and all sorts of names, dazzling dizzying, including "ants on the tree," Department of the end of a long rope tied to tree shoot, holding one end, and another one shake a diabolo, quickly spinning the diabolo threw a long rope, hold the rope by pulling hard long rope, the diabolo shaking to fifty or sixty meters in the air until the fall when the diabolo, shaking diabolo will firmly caught it, so that the viewer marvel. Diabolo action, appears to be a simple arm movement, it is not true, it is a whole body movement, by the ingenious limbs completed. General play diabolo about 200 to 300 grams, also has the strength to practice the diabolo do have relatively large from a 1 to a few kilograms. Diabolo flying up and down a little, do mention the player with upper limb, pull, shake, plates, throw, then, do the lower limb walking, jumping around, lie, down, kicking, eye aiming to do, chase, do the twist waist, with head tilt to do, turn etc, to a moment in the most advantageous to control it, to complete a variety of actions in the air, too early too late to be a failure, and this needs to be done quick, time accurate, sensitive, coordination. The jump is not only jump, waist action is also important, along with the upper limbs swing, but also sometimes neck movement. Continuous jumping, accelerated heartbeat.
Diabolo can control the amount of movement, visual determined their physical exercise. People do not have to compete with the collision. Without space constraints, small footprint, less investment instruments simple men and women can participate. Its shaking method varied, with shaking single, double shake, shake people; there are positive and negative, shaking more than 100 kinds of play patterns. Diabolo apartment in the game in motion, just have fun, reasonable grasp the amount of exercise, not only can achieve the purpose of physical, but also enjoy the fun, the exercise effect comparable to jogging, swimming, cycling, rowing, climbing, cross country, gymnastics and unarmed comparable.
Intangible Cultural Heritage
State attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage, May 20, 2006, the State Council approved the inclusion of the estate first batch of national intangible cultural heritage. June 5, 2007, determined by the Ministry of Culture, the Beijing Xuanwu District of Zhang Guoliang and Li Lian yuan for cultural heritage inheritors representative, and was included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage items 226 representative man squad.